National Geographic : 1941 Oct
A King of Upper Egypt Conquers the Delta and Unites the Two Kingdoms ABOUT 3000 B. c. the long war between the Two Kingdoms, or, as the Egyptians called them, "the Two Lands," was brought to an abrupt and permanent end. An Upper Egyptian king, whose official name as the earthly representa tive of the god Horus was Na'r, finally led the armies of the federated nomes of the south to a series of decisive victories over the north. He invaded and subdued the whole of the Delta, and pro claimed himself "King of Upper and Lower Egypt," uniting the two parts of his country under one central rule and founding the long line of its prehistoric kings. It is highly probable that this Na'r, whose personal name is unknown, is Egypt's great legendary hero, King Menes the Thinite, reputed founder of the Ist Dynasty. In our plate we see Na'r and his Upper Egyptian army, already near the end of their successful campaign, routing in battle the hosts of the Wal-shi, a west Delta folk, appar ently of considerable importance. The right of dispatching the wounded enemy chief has been reserved for the king himself, and his heavy mace, with its alabaster head and gold-plated handle, is about to descend on the skull of the helpless man. Nafr's short linen garment is girdled at the waist by an elaborate beadwork belt, supporting a bead sporran, each pendant of which is toppedby thegold cow head ofthe goddess Hat-Hor. From theback ofthebelt hangs anani mal's tail, from now on one ofthe regular attributes ofEgyp tian kingship. Na'r wears on hishead thetall, white, hel met-like crown of Upper Egypt, which heissoon tounite with its counterpart, the red, wicker-work crown ofLower Egypt. On the king's left is his vizier, orprime minister, clad in a panther skin, and behind him stands hisorderly with his sandals and oil jar. Outlined against the sky,above thecompanies ofarchers and spearmen, appear the standards ofthemore important nomes of Upper Egypt, among which wemay recognize the hawks of Hierakonpolis andIdfu and thewolf ofAsyfit. The more effectively togovern hisnewly subjugated northern domain King NarrMenes moved hiscapital and residence from the south to asite afewmiles above theapex of the Delta. There, according toancient tradition, he founded the great city of "White Wall," more familiar tous under its Greek name, "Memphis." The hoary antiquity of the city of Memphis hasrecently been attested bythe discovery nearby of a royalcemetery dating from theFirst Dynasty and containing, among others, thetomb ofNarr's immediate successor, the Horus 'Alha.