National Geographic : 1942 Mar
The National Geographic Magazine Staff Photographer B. Anthony Stewart "Even When They're Seasick, They Eat My Pies" A veteran ship's baker for the President liners pulls pastry from his oven for guests on the maiden voyage of the President Polk from Newport News to Boston. cook in a week of June, 1940. More than 4,000 pounds were ordered in the comparable week of 1941. "Don't mention the camp, though," laughed my informant. "We don't want a beefsteak strike on our hands." Canning plants have solved the problem of preserving vitamins and minerals. Sci entific agriculture now must see that these important contents are grown into the "raw materials" for the canneries. Recent studies show that a head of cabbage grown on one soil may have four times the calcium of a head grown on poor soil. Some lots of spin ach have 30 times the iron content of others. "From now on there won't be killing of surplus pigs," predicted one economist. "Or feeding them skim milk, which has value as human food." New crops will come in; old ones are find ing strange new uses. Amazing is the spread of acreage in soybeans, "the perfect protein," and the protean peanut. Cotton-seed oil is helping rescue the South's problem crop from the doldrums of closed world markets. Prepared foods-dehydrated milk, powdered eggs, breakfast cereals-already show sharp increases. A housewife may buy a 4-course dinner-soup, eggs for an omelet, vegetables, fruits for dessert, and milk-all in such com pact dried form that she can carry her market ing home in her purse. The meat industry is making more meat loaves, sausages, and other kinds of "ready to-serve" products to reduce waste in con sumption, transport, and storage. The United States has some national wor ries, but a food shortage is not yet one of them-certainly not so long as watermelons rank as our seventh crop in the acreage utilized to grow them! EDITOR'S NOTE: This article on recent developments in foods supplements the survey "How the World is Fed," by William Joseph Showalter, in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE for January, 1916, which still is used for basic reading in economics courses in high schools and colleges. Other articles will deal more in detail with such vital food industries as commer cial fishing, citrus fruits, dairy products, cereals, etc.