National Geographic : 1942 May
Tidewater 4 1.7-- Virginia, Where History Lives 649 Staff Photographer B. Anthony Stewart With White Hair, a Williamsburg Craftsman Deftly Shapes a Bagwig This style was so called because hair at the back of the head was enclosed in a silk bag. With his firebox and curling irons on the table (left), and a head block from the cabinet (right) mounted on his stand, the wigmaker can complete a job in about two weeks. He may use human, horse, or goat hair. Wig models in the window are high military, bag, morocco, soldier, and trader of the early 18th century. Bob and ordinary wigs are even earlier (page 622). These wigs now are used with colonial costumes in pageants and parties. and used by the Protestant Episcopal Church. About a dozen more, also standing, are owned and used by other religious bodies. Many, if not most, of the 50 buildings remain ing are in Tidewater. With few exceptions, only brick churches have survived: there was no stone, and most of the frame structures disappeared long ago. Some Historic Churches A few of the old churches are in cities: Christ Church in Alexandria, St. John's in Richmond (one of the surviving frame churches), St. John's in Hampton, and St. Paul's in Norfolk. But most are in rural sections, remote from towns. They were crossroads churches, set in fields or woods, at points convenient to a group of plantations covering a large stretch of country. Almost every one of the churches has a point of particular interest. In a grove of trees, and surrounded by little ponds, on the south side of the James, a few miles from Smithfield, home of Smithfield hams, is St. Luke's Church. It is among the oldest Prot estant church buildings remaining in America and possibly antedates even the church tower in Jamestown (page 617), although the pre cise dates of the construction of both are diffi cult to determine. St. Luke's in appearance is very like the early rural churches of England, and its mas sive square tower is distinctly Norman in character (Plate VII). Aquia Church, on the main north and south highway, near the Marine base at Quantico, has its original colonial three-decker pulpit, one deck above the other.