National Geographic : 1943 Apr
The British Commonwealth of Nations G. B. Wild British Regimental Badges Adorn the Red Sea Hills in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan The garrison at Gebeit, with time on its hands after Kitchener's victory over the fanatical "Fuzzy Wuzzies," adorned the barren landscape with badges of the Rifle Brigade, Army Medical Corps, and Warwick shire Regiment. The Sudan is a condominium of Great Britain and Egypt (page 520). of Adventurers of England trading into Hud son's Bay," settled later in regions unoccupied by the French. The chartered companies played an im portant part in the development of the British overseas dominions. The colonies of Spain and France had been founded by expeditions sent out by their rulers. Many English colo nies, by contrast, were the outcome of private enterprise. Groups of merchant adventurers, individuals, or city companies, took shares in a chartered company and bound themselves to develop certain overseas lands in return for a monopoly of trade there. The Age of Settlement began in 1607 with the foundation of the Colony of Virginia. The objects of the Virginia Company are of in terest: "To propagate the Gospel. To trans plant the multitude of increase in our people. To obtain goods which we are now enforced to buy . . . at the courtesy of other princes under the burdens of . . . high impositions." The 18th century witnessed a continuous struggle for predominance in North America between the English and the French, which culminated in the victory of Wolfe over Mont calm at Quebec in 1759, and the formal ces sion of Canada to Britain by the Treaty of Paris in 1763. A little more than a hundred years later the original provinces were joined by others and formed into a confederation to make a Do minion. Today there are nine provinces, each with its own legislature, in a system closely resembling that of the United States. From its geographical contiguity and the similar tastes and interests of its people, Can ada forms a strong link between the United States and the British Commonwealth. In addition to the common border, the Alcan Highway * and the St. Lawrence power proj ect are instances of the practical ties between the two nations. Both parties to a Joint De fense Board, they are equally concerned with the security of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Of all the Dominions, for the vastness of her territories, the wealth of her resources, and the vigor and enterprise of her people, Canada has the greatest possibilities of becoming a great nation. Indeed, her destiny may well be to become one day the center and head of the British Commonwealth. British Islands in Caribbean Sea Going south along the Atlantic coast of the United States, we reach several groups of islands of varying size adjacent to the Carib bean Sea: Bermuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Jamaica, the Leeward Islands, the Windward Islands, and Trinidad. On the mainland of Central America is British Honduras, and ad joining Venezuela is British Guiana. These territories, which were taken under * See "Alaskan Highway an Engineering Epic," by Froelich Rainey, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, February, 1943.