National Geographic : 1943 Apr
more Vtal than gold All the gold buried at Fort Knox, Ky., is less important to Victory than the rich iron ore deposits of the Mesabi, Cuyuna and Ver milion Ranges of Northern Minnesota. The Mesabi Range alone contains the world's largest developed deposits, and much of this ore lies in open pits. From these pits giant shovels scoop the vital "red dust" into Great Northern cars, which dump it a few hours later into docks in Duluth and Superior, at the Head of the Lakes. There ore boats are swiftly loaded for delivery to the nation's steel mills. When the shipping season closed Decem- ber 5, new mining records had been set on the Minnesota ranges, and Great Northern Railway handled nearly 29,000,000 long tons - a third of the Lake Superior district's totalproduction. With the necessity of conserving equipment, Great Northern, between shipping seasons, is reconditioning motive power, cars, track age, and its Allouez docks in Superior, mak ing ready for a still bigger job in 1943. The fabulous iron ore deposits in Minne sota are only part of the wealth contributed to America by the Zone of Plenty- and delivered by this vital artery of transportation. GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY ROUTE OF THE EMPIRE BUILDER-BETWEEN THE GREAT LAKES AND THE PACIFIC COLUMB A ,,, A,, IBBRTA SAS/(ATCHEWANY w'n ONTARIO f AN OVR LNE PARK MANITOBA/ VICTORIA yAlt/N 70N CIE .n, __ VAR WCET R55 NORRNWTE CANO fORA OYEMINN. QUEBEC CWLLIMNM RNDCVUH OKTO Es 0ET AMy VR ffVCN OOIr AET A 1 O~fx NEENA MONTANA WISH FORGES BUTTE ryISC. ' eso LENG SDAKOA WATETOW STFAV .:::: :: Frcs ORG...._. .. . .. . ...... .. r i :i CACI. J 4- OANA OE OINS INDIANAPIS f4 WA /SN iNILus*4l. r ob CICINA I ".."."....b lUwNR4ti<0 LV tkOETV R .. .. ". ..