National Geographic : 1943 May
"Magnetic City," Core of Russia's Industrial Might 543 Foreman Signals Crane Operator: Sunlight Stabs through Open-hearth Windows In the area around Stalinsk, 1,500 rail miles east of the Urals, the Soviet Union is developing a rich coal field. Its seams, 50 feet thick in places, nourish a thriving metallurgical industry. A Blast Furnace Foreman Reads an Order to His Brigade at Magnitogorsk A stoker (left) and his colleagues wear asbestos spark helmets. Their leader's leather cap is the sign of a worker. During the war these men work 11 hours a day. Willful absenteeism is punished.