National Geographic : 1943 Jul
Orion, the Mighty Hunter, Is the Central Feature of the January Heavens M ANY BRIGHT stars form the figure in the southern sky, standing with club upraised, driving Taurus, the Bull, before him (page 112). Betelgeuse, in Orion's right shoulder, and Alde baran, in the eye of the bull, are brilliant red stars. They seem pale in contrast, however, to the ruddy splendor of near-by Mars. In the bull's shoulder lies the cluster of the Pleiades, whose beauty is greatly enhanced with the aid of opera glasses. Rigel, whose blue color contrasts splendidly with the reddish hues of its bright neighbors, is in Orion's left leg. The three belt stars in Orion are almost as prominent as the first-magni- tude stars of the constellation. Be sure to notice the faint, hazy object in the dagger, the famous Orion Nebula. Jupiter, Mars, and Saturn all are conspicuous in January, with the first decidedly the brightest appearing object in the sky. Three minor constellations are visible near the southern horizon in low latitudes, Horologium (the Clock), Dorado (the Goldfish), and Pictor (the Painter's Studio). Above them is Columba (the Dove), just under Lepus (the Hare). The sky chart for January also will serve for October 1 at 5:30 a.m.; October 15, 4:30 a.m.; November 1, 3:30 a.m .; November 15, 2:30 a.m.