National Geographic : 1943 Nov
The Healing Arts in Global War U. S. Navy, Official "Stick Around, Chums; I'll Be Back Soon"-A Wounded Sailor's Adieu In Navy wire-basket litters, he and his companions are leaving ship for hospital. Burns and bomb fragments are the sailor's principal enemies. major problem of war, and almost every con ceivable means is used, including the jeep, "alligator" ambulance (an amphibian trac tor), and airplane (page 602). Evacuation of the wounded by plane was used on a large scale by the Germans in Poland; it was also used to a limited extent in World War I. It is now a rapidly develop ing and dramatic medical service. Portable Hospital in a Jungle In New Guinea, wounded men are trans ported from the front to a field hospital in an hour or less; by pack animals or on foot it would take from two to three weeks. A complete portable hospital was flown in to New Guinea and set up in the jungle. Hit by a Japanese sniper's bullet in Guadal canal at 10 o'clock at night, Corporal Jones of the Marines was cared for at once by the corpsman, then by the battalion aid doctor, and reached a division field hospital much farther in the rear a few hours later. He was put on an ambulance plane at 7 o'clock the next morning, along .with 12 stretcher cases and five other "sitting" cases, and within three hours was lying between white sheets at a completely equipped base hospital in the New Hebrides. Later a hos pital ship took him to a large mobile hospital in New Zealand for the follow-up care to restore him to active duty. Aerial evacuation may be within a theater of operations, as from New Guinea to Austra lia, from the Caribbean to this country, from Alaska to the Pacific coast, or from such dis tant points as North Africa, New Caledonia, India, or China to the United States. At the Walter Reed General Hospital, Wash ington, D. C., patients coming by air from the borders of far-off Baluchistan, who had taken less than a week, including rest stops, dress ings, and changes of plane, met other patients just arriving from the same starting point who had taken two months by slower modes of travel.