National Geographic : 1943 Dec
I Vt13Lv~- w 1. BETTER STEELS! This country needs aircraft that fly high and far . . . and hit hard. It needs ships in great numbers. It needs tanks that can take it when the going gets tough. It needs equipment to out perform any on earth. All these things require many special steels. Such steels with needed prop erties are created through the use of alloys. Basic peacetime research by ELECTRO METALLURGICAL COMPANY, a Unit of UCC, has developed many im portant steels and the alloys to make them, such as chromium, silicon, manganese, vanadium, tungsten, calcium, and columbium . . all vital today. >r~^- 2. STAINLESS STEELS! The development of steels of high chromium content gave designers and engi neers a whole family of new materials with which to work. Such steels resist rust and corrosion, and are easily kept clean. They are essential in the food industry. Possessing great strength in addition to their corrosion resistance, they save weight in trains and planes. They have brought improve ments in the oil, chemical, textile, and other fields ... with resultant savings to you. Low-carbon ferro chromium, an Electromet development, is essential in the large-scale production of stainless steels. 3. NEW NATIONAL RESOURCES! Tungsten and vanadium are essential to steelmakers. Long before war clouds loomed, many felt that more of this country's domestic sources of these metals should be developed. Engineering research by UNITED STATES VANADIUM CORPORATION, another UCC Unit, found efficient ways of refining low-grade ores. This enabled U. s . VANADIUM to revitalize old mines with new mills and methods, and make America less dependent on foreign sources for her increased needs of tungsten and vanadium. 4. BUILDING TOWARDS THE FUTURE! Alloy steels offer still greater promise for the future. Bridges and other structures will be made still lighter, stronger, and longer-lasting by wider use of some of these steels with which engineers are already experienced. Trains, trucks, and aircraft will be made lighter, stronger, faster, and safer. Better cars and tractors, homes and home equipment will be made through their use. Units of UCC do not make steel. They do make ferro-alloys used to purify and give specialproperties to steel. They also make non -ferrous alloys which, because of their exceptional resistance to wear, heat, and corrosion, are used as cutting tools, hard-facing welding rods andfor otherpurposes. UCC research and developments mean ever-new and improved alloys for industry... and ever-better products for you. BUY UNITED STATES WAR BONDS AND STAMPS UNION CARBIDE AND CARBON CORPORATION ALLOYS AND METALS Electro Metallurgical Company Haynes Stellite Company United States Vanadium Corporation 30 East 42nd Street If New York 17, N. Y. Principal Products and Units in the United States CHEMICALS INDUSTRIAL GASES AND CARBIDE Carbide and Carbon Chemicals The Linde Air Products Company Corporation The Oxweld Railroad Service ELECTRODES,CARBONS & BATTERIES Company National Carbon Company, Inc. The Prest-O-Lite Company, Inc. PLASTICS Bakelite Corporation Plastics Division of Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Corporation (I9CLLIII vr9w " ;a a.I F "