National Geographic : 1944 Apr
0 00 David H.Dickason From a Medieval Fortress Above Izmir (Smyrna) Is a Dramatic View of Turkey's FinestHarbor and Most Tragic City Named after an Amazon, Smyrna rose where Asian trade routes reached the sea, near one of the legendary birthplaces ofHomer. Crusaders fought invain for itscitadel. It was the scene of atrocities in 1919 and 1922. Fire destroyed most of the city in 1922 and it wasdamaged byearthquake in1928.