National Geographic : 1944 Apr
National Geographic Map of Japan, Regions of Asia, and the Pacific W ITH this issue of their Magazine, the 1,200,000 member-families of the National Geographic Society receive a timely map supplement of Japan and Ad jacent Regions of Asia and the Pacific Ocean.* The new chart, printed in 10 harmonious colors, is the latest addition to The Society's notable series of wall maps, covering the en tire theater of war in Asia and the Pacific. United Nations power will strike again and again in this area, ever moving closer to Tokyo. The new map, most comprehensive general chart of Japan, eastern China, Man churia, and eastern Soviet Russia yet pro duced, will vividly portray these offensive moves as they occur. Planned in a size which may be conveniently referred to on wall or desk, this concise map includes on a single sheet, 262 by 34/2 inches, a volume of detail essential to intelligent un derstanding of history in the making. Clearness and sharpness of lettering, re sult of The Society's special photo-composing process, make place names easy to read. Chi nese names are spelled in accordance with official rulings, and correspond with spelling in news dispatches. Thousands of miles of railroads and high ways, born of the war, are shown-the result of painstaking research and compilation. Map Is Guide for Bombers For the first time, a detailed map has been computed with the geographical heart of Tokyo as its center. The exact spot is Tokyo's central railway station, about which cluster the Imperial Palace, the Central Postoffice, and the Marunouchi Building, one of the city's largest office structures (page 412). The bomber course to Tokyo from any point on the map follows a straight line, true in distance and direction. The map is based on an azimuthal equidistant projection, 126 miles to the inch. Thousands of copies of this new map will * Members may obtain additional copies of the new Map of Japan and Adjacent Regions of Asia and the Pacific Ocean (and of all other maps published by The Society) by writing to the National Geographic So ciety, Washington 6, D. C . Prices, in United States and Possessions, 50¢ on paper per map; $1 on linen; Index, 25¢. Outside of United States and Possessions, 75¢ on paper; $1.25 on linen (postal regulations gen erally prohibit mailing linen outside of Western Hemi sphere); Index, 50#. Handy map file, bound like a book 7/4 x 103/4 inches, with pockets to accommodate 10 folded paper maps with their respective 10 indexes, $2.50. All remittances payable in U. S. funds. Post age prepaid. The NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC maps of con tinents and oceans with their indexes make a mag nificent Atlas and Gazetteer of the World. join other NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC maps on the Navy's ships at sea, in the "flying offices" of Army generals, and in myriad other front-line posts, to help Uncle Sam fight the war. The new map shows the vast stretch of the Japanese islands along the China and Siberia coasts. If these islands could be placed in the same latitudes off the North American coast, Formosa would lie across Cuba and southern Florida. Tokyo would be due east of Cape Hatteras; Paramushiro off Newfoundland. Principal Japanese island, known as the "mainland," is Honshu, with an area slightly larger than the State of Idaho. The famous Inland Sea (Seto Naikai), which opens into both the Sea of Japan, and the Pacific Ocean, separates Shikoku and Kyushu Islands from Honshu. This sea is 275 miles long and 56 miles wide. The map reveals the deep indentation of Japan's coastline of more than 19,000 miles. In normal times, some 44 ports were open to foreign trade. Geologically, Japan is linked with the Asi atic mainland. Its islands are the summit of a mountain chain which rears out of the Pa cific. The ocean between Korea and Japan is shallow, so a slight upheaval there might produce a land crossing between them.t The northern boundary of the map lies 2,020 miles north of Tokyo, taking in the western Aleutians, all of Kamchatka, Man churia, and the eastern part of Russian-domi nated Outer Mongolia. The southern bound ary lies 2,095 miles due south of Tokyo. "Steppingstones" to Jap Conquest Look at the map and see how graphically it portrays the three vast chains of island "step pingstones" which protect Japan on the south east, southwest and northeast. Hundreds of these "nonsinkable aircraft carriers" stretch southeastward through the Bonin, Marianas, Caroline, and Marshall groups. Fighter planes hop by easy stages from the "mainland" to outpost bases in the t For additional articles on Japan in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, see by Willard Price, "Mys terious Micronesia" (Japan's Mandated Islands), April, 1936; "Hidden Key to the Pacific" (Japan's Mandated Islands), June, 1942; "Unknown Japan," August, 1942, and "Japan Faces Russia in Man churia," November, 1942; "Women's Work in Japan," by Mary A. Nourse, January, 1938; "Tokyo Today," by William R. Castle, Jr., February, 1932; "Here in Manchuria," by Lilian Grosvenor Coville, February, 1933; "Geography of Japan," July, 1921, and "Some Aspects of Rural Japan," September, 1922, by Walter Weston; "Empire of the Risen Sun," October, 1923, and "Japan, Child of the World's Old Age," March, 1933, by William Elliot Griffis.