National Geographic : 1944 Jul
Smithsonian Institution 73 Years Ago William H. Jackson Photographed These Pawnees Outside Their Earth Lodges onaFork ofthe Platte River Dome-shaped, sod-covered homes have tunnel-like entrances. The weather is cold, so the Indians wear blankets,some ofbuffalo skins and others oftrading-post wool. Tepee poles are stacked over the entranceway. Roofs afford vantage points from which to watch anything ofinterest going oninthevillage. The picture was made on one of Jackson's famous early camera pilgrimages to the West. From 1870 to 1878 he was the official photographer fortheHayden Surveys, headed by Ferdinand V. Hayden, first United States Geologist. In those days of wet photographic plates and cumbersome equipment, pack mules and rugged trails, Jackson's exploits were outstanding. In 1871 he made his first series of the Yellowstone, a collection which helped induce Congress tomake itanational park thefollowing year. This foremost photographer of the Old West died on June 30, 1942, at the age of 99.