National Geographic : 1944 Jul
The National Geographic Magazine lished in the June, 1943, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, showed the boundary status in Europe as of September 1, 1939, the day Germany in vaded Poland. When Germany and Finland attacked Russia, in June, 1941, the boundary agreements of 1939 and 1940 were nullified. Historians recognize September 1, 1939, as a date which marks a critical new era in world history; hence your Society has clearly recorded the international boundaries as they then existed. On all GEOGRAPHIC maps thereafter issued, includ ing the new "Map of Germany and Its Ap proaches," the student will find printed plainly the statement, "International boundaries as of September 1, 1939." Czechoslovakia does not appear on these war time National Geographic Society maps be cause the dismemberment of Czechoslovakia had occurred before that date. When World War II started, there was no such place as Czechoslovakia. Only Slovakia remained as a separate political unit. Bohemia and Moravia were swallowed up and had become an integral part of Germany six months before World War II started. A map can only chart boundaries and political units as they are. The Czechoslovakian Govern ment-in-Exile is recognized by the United States, Great Britain, and Russia. High officials of these three nations have expressed the hope that this gallant country will be reestablished after the war. The "Map of Germany and Its Approaches" carries a red overprint showing the bound aries of Europe as they existed on January 1, 1938, before the annexation of Austria by Germany and the dismemberment of Czecho slovakia, thus giving it added value for the student of political or military history. Current War Areas in Detail In the past 18 months, 73 black-and white maps have appeared in the pages of the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE to amplify the information contained in the 10-color Supplement Maps. They show, addi tional names because they usually chart smaller areas on larger scale, and they locate every place mentioned in the articles they accompany. In 1943 and the first six months of 1944, these 73 maps contained 15,024 place names. Because of their wealth of local detail and the new information contained in them, these maps, as well as the large 10-color Supple ment Maps, are widely used by Army and Navy schools in their orientation courses. The two-page map of the Alaska High way (February, 1943) was the first one pub lished to show this vital military road in de tail, together with its connecting highways. A two-page map of central and northern Italy (December, 1943) enables members to follow the Fifth Army's campaign in detail, from the landing at Salerno to the fighting north through Naples and Cassino, and at the Anzio beachhead. Strategic Isles of the Pacific A two-page detailed charting of the strategic isles of the Pacific (April, 1944) enables mem bers to follow American action on such re mote land patches as Kwajalein, Eniwetok, Truk, Saipan, Ponape, and others. The Society's cartographers have worked out ways of making separate drawings for various features shown. Superimposing these drawings on the printing plate gives the effect of several tones. Thus in the map of the Japanese bases each inset was made from three drawings: one for names and shorelines; an other for mountains; and a third for reefs. In the June, 1944, issue a map of Burma and eastern India shows the area where Gen eral Stilwell is pushing the Ledo Road to con nect with the Burma Road. Also charted are Imphal, Manipur, and Kohima, Indian strong holds attacked by the Japanese in their drive toward the Bengal-Assam Railway. Every geographic name mentioned in every GEOGRAPHIC article may be located by a NA TIONAL GEOGRAPHIC map. The Society's progressive series of 10-color charts of Asia, Africa, Antarctica, North America, Central and South America, the United States, and of the Atlantic, Pacific, In dian, and Arctic Oceans are all outstanding achievements in research and design. INDEX FOR JANUARY-JUNE, 1944, VOLUME READY Index for Volume LXXXV (January-June, 1944) of the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE will be mailed upon request to members who bind their copies as works of reference.