National Geographic : 1945 Jul
Potomac, River of Destiny Staff Photographer Willard R. ('ulver Here Stood the First Washington Monument, Destroyed at South Mountain 1862 The original "coffee creamer" memorial was erected by the citizens of near-by Boonsboro in one day, July 4, 1827. It was completed two years before Baltimore's Washington Monument and 57 years before the obelisk at Washington, D. C. The present structure, built in 1936, is the third on the site. was large enough to house 700 settlers against French and Indian attacks. During the Revolution, Hessian prisoners were kept here. Many escaped with not too much difficulty, settled down, and became good farmers. During the Civil War the old fort was occupied by Union troops. At Hancock, Maryland is less than two miles wide, and I was driven from West Vir ginia into Maryland, across the State, and into Pennsylvania in less than five minutes. The Potomac Valley narrows down at this point until the river, canal, National Road, and two railroads are practically side by side. West of Hancock the river swings in wind ing loops through many Allegheny ridges. On one of these ranges, high above the river, is the Woodmont Rod and Gun Club, one of the oldest hunting clubs in the country. Grover Cleveland was an early member, and the club is still noted for its distinguished guests and wealthy members. Driving through the preserve, we saw wild turkeys in abundance. "During the short open season, about 1,200 are killed," the sec retary said. "We have raised about 150,000 wild turkeys altogether. Many are sold to other clubs and to game preserves." Several miles away, across the river in West Virginia, is Berkeley Springs, a portion of which Lord Fairfax had the 16-year-old George Washington survey. Later he set aside the land for the State of Virginia, in order that "these healing waters might be for ever free to the publick for the welfare of suffering humanity." In 1934 the West Virginia Foundation for Crippled Children established the Pines Clinic for infantile paralysis victims near the springs. The State helps support it.