National Geographic : 1945 Jul
Three Lions Past Island Forts of Robber Barons, Vineyard Terraces and Castle-crowned Hills, the Rhine Flows Through Western Germany The Pfalz, breasting the swift waters like a battleship, was built in the 14th century as a "tollhouse" preying on river shipping. Inmedieval times, Rhine merchants paid "protection money" every few miles or risked their cargoes and lives. Rich traders and enemies were held for ransom initsbelow-river-level dungeons. The six sided fort never was captured. On the hill above the town of Kaub stands Gutenfels Castle, a restored legend-haunted pile older than the Pfalz.