National Geographic : 1945 Aug
American Alma Maters in the Near East Serving Without Pay, Beirut Medical Students Treat the Sore Eyes of School Children In these volunteers the American University of Beirut has implanted a sense of responsibility toward the poor. Into refugee camps, schools, and factories they go with vaccines and health talks. Trachoma, an eye disease, is their persistent enemy. They fight typhoid, paratyphoid, and malaria. In one summer 20 students gave 20,000 typhus shots. During a smallpox epidemic others vaccinated a desert tribe (page 250). press Eugenie, glamorous granddaughter of William Kirkpatrick, American consul at MAlaga. During her stay at the beautiful white marble palace, the Empress occupied a suite of rooms decorated exactly like those in her private apartment at the Tuileries. That fascinating lady of the hats was on her way to preside at the opening of the Suez Canal, built by a relative, Ferdinand de Lesseps. Those were the days when Constantinople was the third city of Europe; when Turkey's navy was third in the world; when 900 wives and concubines, guarded by 300 eunuchs, crowded a harem through whose portals passed the most beautiful women of the East -to stay. Life was still leisurely and gay beside the beautiful Bosporus. In the early 1870's higher education for women in the United States was in its infancy. Yet Americans were already devoting their lives to the education of their Turkish sisters. One of them was Dr. Mary Mills Patrick, whose story of 53 years of service, Under Five Sultans, is fascinating reading.* * See, in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, "Asia Minor in the Time of the Seven Wise Men," January, 1920, and "Emancipation of Mohammedan Women," January, 1909, both by Mary Mills Pat rick.