National Geographic : 1946 Jan
() rational ueograpnic society Painting byW.Langdon Kihn The Dugout Canoe of a Seminole Family Silently Glides Through the Placid Waters ofFlorida's Everglades The name Seminole, a Creek word meaning "runaway" or "separatist," was first used about 1775. Later the Seminole migrated from Georgia and Alabama to Florida. Occasional Seminole raids into Georgia, plus the tribe's harboring of runaway slaves, caused Andrew Jackson toinvade Spanish Florida in1818; itwas annexed a year later. Attempts to remove the Seminole to the West in 1835 precipitated a war which lasted nearlyeight years and cost theUnited States 1,500 lives and $20,000,000. Although seven American generals failed to conquer the Seminole completely, the majority were rounded upand sent toOklahoma.