National Geographic : 1946 Jul
Postwar Portrait of the United States A MILLIONS turn to travel and war-de ferred vacations in the first full sum mer of peace, the 1,450,000 members of the National Geographic Society receive with this issue of their Magazine a map which will unfold 3,022,387 square miles of the most diversified and beautiful lands of the world the United States of America.* This postwar portrait of our Nation in corporates the latest census estimates and in cludes more geographical names than ever before appeared on a single NATIONAL GEO GRAPHIC map-10,750. Several newcomers owe their newborn importance to World War II, notably Oak Ridge, Tennessee, which was boomed by the atomic bomb from a popula tion of 75 to 75,000. Volumes of up-to-date information are com pressed within the star-spangled borders of this detailed and decorative ten-color map, designed as a companion to the National Geo graphic Society's current World Map issued in December, 1943. Some of the information has not heretofore been generally available, because it results from recent aerial and land surveys. The new map supplement to the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE is the product of six months of careful compilation and draftsman ship in The Society's Cartographic Section. The scale is 1 to 5,000,000, or 78.91 miles to the inch, and the over-all size is 26/2 by 41 inches. Extensive border lands of Canada and Mexico are included. The projection chosen is the Albers Conical Equal-Area, ideal for showing a country such as the United States, which stretches some 2,700 miles from east to west. The territory covered by the map extends from Vancouver Island to the Gaspe Penin sula, from Key West, Florida, to Monterrey, Mexico, and on to lonely Cabo San Lazaro, in Baja California. A special large-scale inset shows the Green wich, Connecticut, area, north of New York City, which was recommended as headquarters of the United Nations by its Permanent Site Committee. Another inset, on the same scale as the main map, includes the great summer resort area of the Canadian Maritime Prov inces east of Maine. Nation Has 3,000,000 Miles of Roads From Lubec, Maine, in the east, to Cape Alava, Washington, in the west, and from Penasse, Minnesota, in the north, to Key West, as the southernmost point, the conti nental United States is woven together by more than 3,000,000 miles of roads. The total length of surfaced roads alone would encircle the globe more than 56 times. Clearly shown on your new map by a net work of red lines is the vast and amazing system of national highways and the more important State roads. National highways are marked by the familiar shield. Compilers in The Society's Cartographic Section worked directly with Federal and State highway authorities and many private touring clubs to delineate accurately the greatest highway system in the world. The same painstaking care was used in adjacent Canada and Mexico. Map Shows 107 National Shrines Spreading the full-color map before him, the travel-hungry member will find an abun dance of objectives for journeys near or far. On it are all of the national parks in which the Federal Government preserves our heritage of wild life and scenic wonders. Except in urban areas, national monuments also are shown. Among them is the new Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site, at Hyde Park, New York, dedicated in April by President Truman. In the right-hand margin appears a key to location of the 107 national parks and monu ments shown on the map. Territory under jurisdiction of the National Park Service would almost equal the area of Maine. For power, irrigation, and flood control, large bodies of water have been created in recent years. Near one of them will doubtless be located the Army's Air Engineering De velopment Center, since specifications call for immense quantities of electric power and fresh water. There it is planned to attack problems involved in creating aircraft and robot mis siles capable of exceeding the speed of sound.f Many man-made lakes have incidentally developed into recreational areas. Among the newest of these is Fontana Reservoir, in North Carolina, which was opened to vacationists in May. Some bear new names in commemoration of noted Americans. The waters formed by Grand Coulee Dam, in Washington, now are * Members may obtain additional copies of the new map, "The United States of America" (and of all other maps published by The Society), by writing to the National Geographic Society, Washington 6, D. C. Prices, in United States and Possessions, 50¢ each, on paper; $1 on linen; Index, 254. Outside United States and Possessions, 75¢ on paper; $1.25 on linen; Index, 50¢. All remittances payable in U. S. funds. Postage prepaid. t See "Air Power for Peace," by General of the Army H. H. Arnold, in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE for February, 1946.