National Geographic : 1946 Jul
The National Geographic Magazine Staff Photographer B. Anthony Stewart Seals Proclaim Authenticity in Every Tongue, Including the Amharic This "Memorandum of Understanding" attests the promise of Ethiopia to assist the United States De partment of Agriculture in its sugar plant investigations and assures the African country, in its court language, that reciprocal services will be extended. Under the agreement, seeds of many varieties of sorghum are being collected and brought to the United States. The red wax seal fastens the cords which bind the document. islands. The three cultures of the islands are symbolized. The three gold stars are for the native peoples of the three major geographic regions-Luzon, the Visayas, and Mindanao. The castle of Castile and the sea lion of Aragon represent the Spanish period. The American eagle used as the crest represents the asso ciation of the Philippines with the United States. The Great Seal is in the custody of the Presi dent of the Philippines. It is 3 inches in diameter. The arms of the Philippines are used on seals for the Supreme Court, the Congress, and other departments of the Philippine Government. It is anticipated that when the Philippines are granted their independence in 1946, the term "Commonwealth" will be dropped and only the name "Republic of the Philippines" will be used. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SO CIETY, page 28. This seal is added to the series in the belief that The Society's members will be interested in the device which appears on membership certificates and on many of its pub lications and maps (page 39). Today The Society has more than 1,450,000 members. In 1896, when it was so small that its members could all meet and hear papers read aloud, it authorized a seal. At the 130th Regular and the 8th Annual Meeting, article IX of the bylaws was adopted, as follows: "The seal of The Society shall consist of . . the Western Hemisphere, from 0° to 180° west from Greenwich, with the legend 'National Geo graphic Society' above & 'Incorporated A.D. 1888' below, as in design herewith." The design was made under the personal super vision of the late Gardiner Greene Hubbard, who was at that time president of The Society.* The seal, 17% inches in diameter, is now used as a direct impression and on gold or other color wafers. Ribbons are frequently used; three colors, blue, brown, and green, symbolize the geographic elements of sky, earth, and sea. The ribbon colors are those of the National Geo graphic Society's flag. * See "The National Geographic Society and Its Magazine," by Gilbert Grosvenor, NATIONAL GEO GRAPHIC MAGAZINE, January, 1936.