National Geographic : 1946 Nov
© National Geographic Society Finlay byWilhelm Tobien Such Helgolanders as These Now Are Among Europe's DisplacedMillions Sandstone cliffs, paved with brick to combat erosion, became a honeycomb of tunnels and gun emplacements during World War II.Civilians were removed tothe mainland. Now Britain is demilitarizing the island under terms reached at Potsdam. Helgoland, less than a square mile inarea, once belonged toDenmark. More than a century ago England took possession. In 1890 the British ceded it to Germany in exchange for Zanzibar and other African territories.