National Geographic : 1947 Jun
823 Endeavour Sails the Inside Passage necessitated putting back into ' port for replacement of several planks. Juneau, Capital of Alaska Nine hundred miles north of Olympia we entered Gastineau Channel and sighted Juneau. The capital of Alaska lies at the base of dramatic backdrops, Roberts Peak and Juneau Mountain. The boat harbor was crowded with trollers, seiners, and halibut fishermen from the westward. When the Treadwell mine was operating, Douglas, just across the channel, was the important town. The mine workings ex tended unsupported a half mile under Gastineau Channel. "Night and day for 36 years a thousand stamps, each drop ping 125 pounds, pounded away crushing ore," B. D. Stewart, Territorial Commissioner of Mines, told me. "The thunder of these stamps could be heard five miles away." After some $66,000,000 had been extracted in gold, the mine collapsed and flooded on April 22, 1917, and the economic prosperity of Douglas collapsed with it. Until it closed down in 1944, the Alaska Juneau mine, on the Juneau side, was the world's largest low-grade gold ore mine in point of tons of ore mined. Its workings-shafts, drifts, crosscuts, winzes, etc.-totaled 100 miles at one time. It is also probably the most conspicuous industrial object in Alaska. The huge stamp mill, climbing the slopes of Roberts Peak at the south end of the city, is sighted by the voyager from far down the channel. Each ton of ore produced about $1 worth of gold, and from 1893 to the mine's closing the gross value of the gold, silver, and lead recovered was $80,962,388. A change has come over Ju neau since I first visited it in 1928. Its present metropolitan air is unmistakable. People are A Log Ramp Makes Portage Easy Taking the boats from Endeavour and Como Reto around the falls from Pavlof Harbor to a lake at higher elevation for trout fishing, the voyagers were grateful to the United States Forest Service, which has built many conveniences for prospector and vacationist.