National Geographic : 1947 Jul
The National Geographic Magazine Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute "Look at Her Little Button Nose!" Artists Start Young in Utica Adults as well as children discover and develop artistic talents at the Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, a privately endowed cultural center in the largest city of the Mohawk Valley (page 79). A typical evening class in art included a beautician, an organist, farmers, teachers, housewives, clerks, factory workers, stenog raphers, businessmen, saleswomen, a printer's apprentice, and a chef. with college educations and cars, billboards and neon signs. One can spend a lifetime in the Valley now without seeing an Indian. Yet everywhere are relics of yesterday, often starkly incon gruous amid the doings of today-forts and factories, tomahawks and television towers, arrowheads and General Electric's hundred million-volt atom smasher. All through the green and busy Valley the past sounds softly through the present, like the echo of a war whoop faintly heard through the throb of factories, rattle of trains, whistle of boats, and rush of cars. River's Story Begins at Rome But the infant river on Mohawk Hill gives no hint of the drama waiting in the main valley below. The river's story really begins at Rome. There the Mohawk reaches a turning point in its life. Swinging leftward into the rising sun, it merges its identity with the Barge Canal. From now on it flows mainly east, first across the platter-flat bed of long-vanished Lake Iroquois, then through the valley carved by its ancestor, the prehistoric Mohawk, when the glacial crown of ice over the Great Lakes was melting and rivers were raging giants in a bleak and lonely land. Fort Stanwix Site in "Copper City" Rome marks not only "the great bend of the Mohawk" but also the old "great carrying place," where canoes of the Indians and ba teaux of the whites were carried over the low divide between the Mohawk River and Wood Creek, which flows west to Oneida Lake. Squarely in the city's masonry heart is the site of brave old Fort Stanwix, most famed of the pre-Revolutionary forts built to guard the crucial carry.