National Geographic : 1948 Jan
The National Geographic Magazine Staff I'Plhotograplier W\Villard It. C('ulver First Submariner Around the Horn? Yes-He Stood Farthest Forward! John Harrington, TM2SS, "chocks off" June 1, the day Sea Robin reached the Cape. He was stationed here at that time, between the breech ends of the bow tubes (page 129). The gauges measure the pressure in the tubes, and sight glass on the breech door tells the amount of water in each. We headed south because our plans called for a brief rough-weather test in sub-Antarctic waters. Watching for icebergs, we proceeded south all day and at midnight were at a point about 59 degrees south, some 350 miles from the Antarctic Continent (page 132). It was a disappointment to me to turn north here. One more day on this course and we would have touched at Palmer Peninsula. But we had a schedule to keep and had to go back. The Falklands, Britain's Farthest South The next afternoon we reconnoitered Burd wood Bank, a poorly charted shoal a hundred odd miles south of the Falkland Islands, and obtained data for the Navy Hydrographic Office. The next day we submerged for brief tests south of the Falkland Islands and 24 hours later sailed into Port Stanley, where we were greeted by Commander Marshall, British naval officer in charge of the Falklands' chief port, and Mr. A. B. Mathews, Colonial Secretary. We anchored in the harbor, for there were no docks with enough water for us. Sea Robin draws 17 feet (page 134). We received a most cordial welcome. Local officers told us we were the first American warship to visit the islands in 50 years, and the first U. S. ship of any kind to call for 20 years. The Falklands, southernmost colony of the British Empire since 1833, are a rocky group of islands lying more than 300 miles east of the Strait of Magellan. The principal islands are East and West Falkland. Of the 2,400 inhabitants, nearly half live in Port Stanley. Nearly all of them are Eng lish, Scottish, or Irish. Their only important industry is sheep raising.