National Geographic : 1948 Jan
"Pyramids" of the New World International For President Truman the Pyramid of the Sun Was a Sermon in Stone Visiting the famous Mexican site in March, 1947, the President said the world must have peace or our civilization may share the fate of those which Teotihuacin's vast pyramids represent. Gigantic Pyramids of Sun and Moon have amazed visitors since the days of Cortes (page 116). Viewed from Sun Pyramid's base, aboriginal religious processions mounting these west-side steps seemed to disappear into the sky. bones of an estimated 1,000 secondary burials. Indians traveling the State road six miles away turned through the woods to pay brief tribute at this memorial to those who had gone before. The first Protestant school in Georgia was built in 1736 on top of "Irene Mound," five miles from Savannah (page 115). Where Pumpkinvine Creek joins the Etowah River a few miles south of Cartersville, in Bartow County, Georgia, three prominent mounds and several smaller ones mark the site of an important prehistoric Indian village. Its landward approach was protected by a moat 35 feet wide and 17 feet deep. The largest of these mounds is a truncated pyramid now 61 feet high, covering about three acres. Annual plowing has destroyed every vestige of the building that once stood on its flat top. Here, during their long war with the Creeks early in the 19th century, the Cherokees are said to have built a palisaded refuge for their women and children. Both the Cherokees and the Creeks were mound builders, even within the historic period. As described by James Adair, the British trader, Creek towns crowded about a central plaza where their most important ceremonies were performed and where Creek men played their famous game, chunkey. The town house stood on a circular eleva tion at one end of the plaza; the temple, on a rectangular mound at the opposite end. A like arrangement obtained in Natchez towns of southwestern Mississippi.