National Geographic : 1948 Jan
PiVUWMONIA /S6'/N6 CONWI/ffE WHAT SCIENCE ISDOING Before 1930, pneumonia * stood among thefirst three causes of death. Oncethe dis ease struck, careful nursing and the use of oxygen were about the only ways of fighting it. The death rate was about 83 per 100,000. ZFrom 1930 to1938, serum treatment was started and developed. This involved, first, laboratory analysis todetermine the particular type ofdisease and, second, adminis tering aserum known to com bat the disease ifitwere one of certain types. Pneumonia's death rate dropped, and in1938 was about 67per 100,000. From 1938 on, modern medical science has scored one of its most dramatic successes. First the sulfa drugs, then penicillin and streptomy cin have proved effective incombatting many types ofpneumonia. While the death rate from pneumonia had been reduced to less than 40 per 100,000 in1946, this disease isstill afrequent cause ofdeath. WHAT YOUCAN DO STry to avoid catching acold. Ifyou keep your general level ofhealth high, especially during the "pneumonia months" of January, February, and March,you won't be as suscep tible to colds or pneumonia. Be careful to dresswarmly when you go out, and try to avoid people who cough or sneeze carelessly. It is estimated that 9out of 10 pneumonia cases start with acold. Z If you get a cold-take care ofit!You will protect yourself frompossible pneumonia, and you'll protect othersfrom your infection. Stay home and rest if youcan. Ifyou must go out, keep warm and dry. Eat lightly, and drink plenty of fruit juices and other liquids. When your children have colds, keep them at home to protect their health and that of their classmates. . Ifyour cold hangs on, or ifyour tempera ture goes up, or ifany other unusual symptoms appear, go tobed and call your doctor at once! Itmay be only asevere cold, but ifitshould be pneumonia, or influenza, or some other illness that starts like acold, your best chance for arapid recovery will come from prompt diag nosis and immediate medical and nursing care. COPYRIGHT 1948-METROPOLITAN LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY Metropolitan Life r^ To learn more about how you can guard againstMtn Life colds, pneumonia, andinfluenza, send for Metro- Insurance Company (AMUTUAL COMPANY) politan's free booklet N-18, "Respiratory Diseases." Frederick H.Ecker, CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD Leroy A.Lincoln, PRESIDENT 1MADISON AVE., NEW YORK 10,N. Y. TO VETERANS-IF YOU HAVE NATIONAL SERVICE LIFE INSURANCE-KEEP IT!