National Geographic : 1948 Jul
The National Geographic Magazine Staff I'Phtograplir Maynard Owen WVilliams "Smile, Williams," the Photographer Tells His Reflection in a Roadside Mirror Motorists can see what is coming around the sharp curve by looking into the glass. It stands on a hill side road winding between Ankara and Cubuk Dam. Including village streets, Turkish roads total some 118,000 miles; only about 16,000 are surfaced. After a heavy rain, many an Anatolian road is indistinguishable from the plowed fields on either side. attendance were gathered in a small closed courtyard. A sort of platform had been built against the house wall. On this raised stage the bride was enthroned, her face as motion less as that of a statue. At her feet relatives and friends danced to the music of the saz, though the musicians stayed hidden behind a rug. No man may look upon the bride. This one wore a beauti ful costume. Twice she was taken out and dressed again in similar striking garments. Old Costumes Still Worn in the Country The making of national dresses is one of the traditional skills of the peasants. There are differences of style in certain parts of Anatolia, but everywhere the costumes show the sure taste of an old general culture, in the composition of colors in single articles of dress and in the wealth of embroidered ornaments (Plates III and VII). At the wedding we attended, virtually all the national costumes were worn by the women. Most of the men had on modern clothing. Traditional wedding gowns are pre served even today by some city families, but are shown only as keepsakes (Plate I). In the country, however, women keep their wedding dresses for special occasions, such as the nuptial celebrations of other young wives, and for important festivals, such as the sugar festival and the sacrifice festival. The veil, which once hid much of every woman's face, has nearly disappeared since Atatiirk's reform. Nowadays women are en titled to the same rights as men, and their dropping of the veil is a symbol of their emancipation. The modern Turkish woman has both a passive and an active voice in politics, and there are several female deputies in the Grand National Assembly.