National Geographic : 1948 Aug
Bode O/ STA TUTE,I > oa oBjren H gy rL \ *"** Bodo re l alt je /e Mos4 ---L5i Br0noysund Aoes udSrna fierge m yr TFise El' n rai so s -- da 1 svl Bred % sl 460 /T gla'gr 1 s St' 0 redriks BYKtistia d LindesfeMlandJl r s ma" Skag - DENMARK ,teor building a nation which is notably successful, and in some ways a model. Its great benefactor, the Gulf Stream, has made such a feat physically possible.* It pours 150 million cubic feet of warm water around western Norway every second of every day. This water fills the numerous fjords, making them so many bathtubs of warm water amid the glacier-topped mountains. These S20 25 30 a o a e 3a8 d tuor s e Ara j rok4 +6965 Kiruna I82I+ P 279 S.,. n ".. 4DnderIasdal 'Kulsa11 0 ul,ea 4 ba da aja Hall as Drawn by II. E. Eastwood and Irvin E. Alleman 1,150 Miles Long, Norway Measures 50 Miles at Its Waist Texas, Montana, and California all exceed Norway's 124,000 square miles, a third of which lies within the Arctic Circle. Fourteen of the United States have a larger population (3,100.000). Only four Norse cities count more than 50,000 people. Population is no handicap, however, to Norway's brilliant achieve ments in shipping, fishing, government, and the arts. bathtubs are sometimes nearly a mile in depth and cut into the terrain from the open sea for distances of from 50 to 100 miles, as in the case of the Sogne Fjord (page 173). This gigantic river of life raises the January temperature of all Norway an average of from 12° to 21° F. above the latitude normal. It raises the temperature of the Lofoten Islands, off Narvik, 45° above the normal.t It makes Hammerfest and other Arctic ports as warm in January as is Oslo. It brings to Norway's shores not only warmth but myriads of cod, herring, and sardines, and to the rivers salmon, to feed the nation and sustain a major industry (page 187). The New World may strive, by statesman ship and philanthropy, to send aid and sta bility to the Old, but in the case of Norway, * See "Grandest and Most Mighty Terrestrial Phe nomenon," by Rear Adm. John Elliott Pillsbury, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, August, 1912. t See "Fishing in the Lofotens." 14 ills. from photo graphs by Lennart Nilsson, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, March, 1947.