National Geographic : 1948 Dec
In Colorado, the Medano Drains into the Sands and Becomes a lack J. '/elhrt Lost River At Indian Springs, a few miles to the west, the stream abruptly reappears. Headwaters flow out of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains (background). Great Sand Dunes National Monument is near by. Sam's sworn-to-secrecy staff, the Atomic Energy Commission works now to make the city a decent, habitable place. Now come better housing, schools, playgrounds, a shop ping center, a 1,000-seat movie theater, a radio station, bowling alleys, and beauty parlors. Manner of migration into our Southwest, since traders and trappers opened the Santa Fe and California Trails,* was unique. Cali fornia's 1849 gold rush lured most migrants straight west. In an odd way this human tide figuratively jumped from the Missouri country to the coast. Indian dangers helped delay settlement of some Southwest States. Gold fever had already cooled in California, settlers had turned to growing wheat, and land booms were beginning when Indians still killed Union Pacific construction gangs and scalped Arizona and New Mexico miners and freight wagon teamsters. Fabulous Pioneer Days Philadelphia was preparing for the Repub lic's Centennial when the Tucson Citizen was still full of stories of Indian depredations. Not till 1886, when the notorious Apache warrior, Geronimo, was taken by Gen. Nelson * See "Santa Fe Trail, Path to Empire," by Frede rick Simpich, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, Au gust, 1929.