National Geographic : 1949 Jan
Shrines of Each Patriot's Devotion On the Battlefield of Saratoga, New York, Stands a Monument to a Wounded Leg It's the left boot of Benedict Arnold, carved in stone to symbolize the wound he received in this turning point battle of the Revolution. He was a hero here, though later a traitor. The strange monument includes the epaulets of his rank, major general, but not his name. modore Oliver Hazard Perry won the victory which he tersely reported, "We have met the enemy and they are ours." Peace Between English-speaking Peoples But this is more than a monument to vic tory. Upon it is inscribed the brief and simple Rush-Bagot Agreement of 1818 in which the United States and Canada pledged disarmament on the Great Lakes. This 352 foot shaft in Perry's Victory and Interna tional Peace Memorial National Monument symbolizes more than a century and a quarter of peace along a 4,000-mile unfortified fron tier. Bright as the friendship of brother na tions, it shines as a beacon for navigators. Chalmette National Historical Park pre serves the battlefield near New Orleans where in 1815 British and American troops fought each other for the last time. Victorious Gen. Andrew Jackson later became the first Presi dent from "the West." Tennessee was "out west" then! Population of the young United States was doubling every 25 years, and a swelling flood of pioneers pushed west toward the Nation's "manifest destiny"-dominion from sea to sea. This epic of America is unfolded in St. Louis at Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. Thomas Jefferson had pointed the way to the setting sun by swinging America's biggest real estate deal, the Louisiana Purchase, and by sending Meriwether Lewis and William Clark exploring to the coast of Oregon.* A national monument to Lewis in Tennes see contains his grave and the site of the inn on the bandit-ridden old Natchez Trace where he died in 1809, of a gunshot wound, after surviving thousands of miles of danger in the West. Though Jefferson thought him a suicide, he was probably murdered for his money. The Natchez Trace, once a series of Indian trails, has been made a national parkway. Covered-wagon Ruts Still Visible Wagon wheels, rolling westward, grooved deep lines of character upon the face of the West. You see them, for instance, at Scotts Bluff, in Nebraska, a national monument and long a landmark for travelers on the Oregon Trail (page 77). An even more explicit record is Inscription Rock, in El Morro National Monument, New * See "How the United States Grew," by McFall Kerbey, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE, May, 1933.