National Geographic : 1949 Jan
Shrines of Each Patriot's Devotion National Geographic iPhotograpler 1. Antlony atewart At Valley Forge Visitors See Washington's Tent and Telescope In the Historical Society's Museum is pitched the faded tan marquee, or office and sleeping tent, in which General Washington spent the first week in this bitter-cold encampment (page 70). The holes were made by time, not bullets. This lad can't see a thing through Washington's field telescope; the cover over its muzzle is still in place! The bust is a reproduction of French sculptor Jean Antoine Houdon's likeness of Washington, modeled during a long stay at Mount Vernon after the war. Croatoan (now Ocracoke) Island or among the Croatoan Indians.* By excavations during the last two years J. C. Harrington, Regional Archeologist of the National Park Service, has located the fort of the Lost Colony. "In the old moat," he says, "we have found fragments of handmade brick and a large piece of strap iron, recalling Governor White's report that iron and other heavy objects were scattered over the site. About three feet underground we found a deep pit containing charcoal, used as an ingredient in gunpowder or as fuel for houses or a forge." Digging for clues still goes on, and each summer at the site this 359-year-old mystery story is dramatically unfolded in Paul Green's open-air play, The Lost Colony.t At Jamestown the Seeds Took Root America-a land where people vanished! No wonder there were no women among the hardy souls who sailed from England early in 1607 for a new attempt. But two came with the second contingent the next year. On low-lying malarial land beside the James River in Virginia the colonists founded a settle- ment likewise named for their king-James town. This scene of the painful birth of Vir ginia is enshrined in Colonial National His torical Park and Jamestown National Historic Site. "Where is Jamestown?" a visitor asked. Replied a ranger: "You are standing in it." Except for a remnant of the 300-year-old tower of America's first brick Anglican church, no wall of a 17th-century Jamestown building stands. But National Park Service excava tions are uncovering house foundations, gin and wine bottles, pots, pipes, and bullets that link our time with the day of that fighting rover, Capt. John Smith. Even the foundations of America's indus trial greatness have come to light-furnaces for glassmaking, first industry in the English Colonies. "Drincking Glasse" was needed; also beads for the Indian trade. As early as. * See "Bit of Elizabethan England in America," by Blanch Nettleton Epler, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGA ZINE, December, 1933. t See "Exploring America's Great Sand Barrier Reef," by Eugene R. Guild, and "Indian Life Be fore the Colonists Came," by Stuart E. Jones, both in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE for Septem ber, 1947.