National Geographic : 1949 Jun
( National Geographic Society + Bottoms Up at Petty Harbour Means the Cod Have Gone and Winter Is Coming Fishing craft have been overturned for painting, re pairs, and protection from the elements. This owner, having removed the rudder, goes to work with hammer and saw to stop a leak in the rudder hole. Most Newfoundland fishing boats are powered with simple but rugged gasoline engines built in the home island. Knowledge of boatbuilding passes from father to son; many fishermen fashion their own. Thirty seven oceangoing ships were completed in Newfound land in 1948. Kodachromes by Robert F. Sisson +' A Wooden Anchor Appears as Impossible as a Leaden Float, but It Works A close glimpse reveals a boulder caged in bound staves. Stout crosspieces dig into the bottom and hold a small boat even in rough seas. Newfoundlanders call this homemade anchor a "killick." As roads and coastal ship services are extended, use of such primitive makeshift equipment declines. The village supply merchant, who outfits the fisherman, usu ally buys the catch. The fisherman pays off his debt with fish. When the value of his cod exceeds the cost of outfit, he puts cash in his pockets.