National Geographic : 1949 Jul
No Ice Cubes Are Needed to Chill the Water in This Springhouse: Singers Glen, Virginia Springhouses, the predecessors of electric refrigerators, were used in pioneer days to cool dairy products. Some, built over brook or spring, served as basements, as in this home. Others, made of stone, clay, or logs, were combination smokehouses and springhouses. Like deep, dark wine cellars, springhouses are cool retreats. Massanutten's name. One version I heard concerned a Valley explorer who encountered a colored man. "Is there gold in those mountains?" he asked him. "Massa, no," was the reply. "Is there coal?" "Massa, no." "Well, then, what is in those mountains?" "Massa, nuttin'!" In rolling Rockingham County, settled by German farmers, the Valley widens so that sometimes only one of its protecting walls can be seen at a time. Southeast of the county seat, Harrisonburg, Massanutten Peak, ern end of Massanutten Mountain, down into the wide Valley (page 30). south slopes Experiments in Cooperatives South from Winchester toward Rockingham rode General Phil Sheridan in 1864, burn ing the Valley so completely that a "crow flying over it would have to carry its own provisions." When war was done, Rockingham farmers gazed silently at the charred remains of their barns and established a cooperative, the Mutual Fire Insurance Company.