National Geographic : 1949 Sep
The National Geographic Magazine © National Geographic Society Ansco (Clor i. S. Marine (orps. Otficial, by Lt. David I). Duncan Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek Looks Down on Peiping's Busiest Center Shortly after the reoccupation of Peiping by the Allies in October. 1945, this huge portrait of the Nationalist leader was hung from the watchtower over the Chien Men, or "Front Gate." Here a steady stream of traffic flows between the Chinese and Tatar Cities. Passengers rushing to and from the near-by railroad station add to the bustle. Bicycle-drawn rickshas compete with coolie-powered vehicles. The emperors passed through the Chien Men on their way from the Palace to the Temple of Heaven. No one else was allowed to use its central portal. During the Boxer Rebellion in 1900 the watchtower was burned, but was later rebuilt under the direction of a German architect. It is considerably higher than the other gates of the city.