National Geographic : 1949 Dec
835 Ned Illhd frm Caimra Clix A Bangled Potentate Appraises Sheep Borne Piggyback by His Subjects This powerful gentleman is the luluai, or chief, of the Kerowagi area. Never having seen a sheep before, he knows nothing about their care, but will he admit it? The stern, authori tative expression gives the answer. Sea-snail shells suspended from the chief's beard tinkle with every movement. The nose is pierced to hold a crescent-and-ball-shaped shell plate which had to be carried inland across devious trade routes from southern seas the highlanders have never seen. On turban and brow the chief wears four devices signifying his authority. These objects, which impress his subjects vastly, are an airline pilot's cap badge, an Australian Army device, an American colonel's eagle (upside down), and finally a government-granted token of office. The chief holds office under the Papua-New Guinea Territorial Administration. His qualifications are a com manding physique and mien and a wealth of wives, pigs, and shells. Prestige is very important, enabling him to give an order and see that it is carried out. He has authority to settle disputes of a minor nature, such as theft, destruction of property, or the alienation of a wife. The white man's central government holds him responsible for his people's health and the cleanliness of their villages. Australia governs the eastern half of New Guinea, her tropical neighbor to the north. The other half is controlled by the Netherlands. Together, the two territories constitute the world's second largest island, ranking next to Greenland. Large sections of New Guinea remain unsettled and unexplored. Gold and oil in recent years have lured prospectors. Many an American knows the island's mud, mosquitoes, and heat through having fought Japanese in its coastal jungles. The Hallstrom Trust, to take care of the new herd, bought 500 acres of grasslands in Nondugl and erected sheds and fences. It teaches men to be good shepherds, women to be weavers. Once they have demonstrated their ability, they will receive the animals as a gift. Then exposed bodies will be clothed and vegetarian diets bolstered with animal protein. Villagers elsewhere are expected to follow suit, on the theory that they are as eager as white folk to "keep up with the Joneses." Cattle may come later. Primitive digging sticks and wooden spades were the first tools used on the Nondugl project. Metal instru ments, flown in from Australia later, did not disconcert the natives, who immediately put them to work.