National Geographic : 2010 Feb
The mourners have come for a viewing of 68-year-old Foneta Jessop, who died of a heart attack a few days ago. In the cavernous hall Foneta's sons form a receiving line at the foot of her open casket, while her husband, Merril, stands directly alongside. To the other side stand Merril's numerous other wives, all wear- ing matching white dresses. Foneta was the rst wife. Colorado City is a town with special signi - cance for those of Foneta's faith. Together with its sister community of Hildale, Utah, it is the birthplace of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (FLDS), a poly- gamous offshoot of the Mormon Church, or LDS. Here in the 1920s and '30s, a handful of polygamous families settled astride the Utah- Arizona border a er the leadership of the Mor- mon Church became increasingly determined to shed its polygamous past and be accepted by the American mainstream. In 1935 the church gave settlement residents an ultimatum: renounce plu- ral marriage or be excommunicated. Practically everyone refused and was cast out of the LDS. At the memorial service for Foneta, her hus- band and three sons give testimonials prais- ing her commitment to the covenant of plural marriage, but there is an undertone of family disharmony, with vague references by Merril Jessop to his troubled relationship with Foneta. No one need mention that one of Merril's wives is missing. Carolyn Jessop, his fourth wife, le the household in 2003 with her eight children and went on to write a best-selling book on her life as an FLDS member. She describes a clois- tered environment and tells of a deeply unhappy Foneta, an overweight recluse who fell out of favor with her husband and slept her days away, BY SCOTT ANDERSON PHOTOGRAPHS BY STEPHANIE SINCLAIR coming out of her room only at night to eat, do laundry, and watch old Shirley Temple movies on television. At the conclusion of the service, most of the congregation walk over to the Isaac Carling cemetery for a graveside observance. I assume the enormous turnout---mourners have come in from FLDS communities in Texas, Colorado, and British Columbia---stems from the prominent position Foneta's husband holds: Merril Jessop is an FLDS leader and the bishop of the large chap- ter in West Texas. But Sam Steed, a so -spoken, 37-year-old accountant acting as my guide, explains that elaborate funerals are a regular occurrence. "Probably between 15 and 20 times a year," he says. " is one is maybe a little bigger than most, but even when a young child dies, you can expect three or four thousand people to attend. It's part of what keeps us together. It reminds us we're members of this larger com- munity. We draw strength from each other." FEW AMERICANS HAD HEARD of the FLDS before April 2008, when law enforcement o cials con- ducted a raid on a remote compound in West Texas known as the Yearning for Zion Ranch. For days a er, television viewers witnessed the bizarre spectacle of hundreds of children and women---all dressed in old-fashioned prairie dresses, with elaborately coiffed hair---being herded onto school buses by social workers and police o cers. at raid had been spurred by phone calls to a domestic violence shelter, purportedly from a 16-year-old girl who claimed she was being sexually and physically abused on the ranch by her middle-aged husband. What lent credibility to the calls was that the residents of YFZ Ranch THE FIRST CHURCH MEMBERS arrive at the Leroy S. Johnson Meeting House in Colorado City, Arizona, at about 6 p.m. Within a half hour the line extends out the front doors, down the side of the building, and out into the parking lot. By seven, it stretches hundreds of yards and has grown to several thousand people---the men and boys dressed in suits, the women and girls in Easter egg--hued prairie dresses.