National Geographic : 1932 Sep
Photographs by W. Robert Moore BARRIER GATE, OR PORTO DO CERCO, RECALLS THE CONFLICT OF AUGUST 22, 1849 At that time Governor Joao Ferreira do Amaral, at the cost of his life, caused the expulsion of the Chinese customs officials from Macao and estab lished free trade. The Chinese fort near this boundary gate, after ineffec tive bombardment from Monte Fort and gunboats, was taken by a young artillery lieutenant, Mesquita, and 36 men (see, also, text, page 354). ONLY A CRUMBLING FACADE TELLS THE GLORY THAT WAS SAO PAULO'S Built in 1638 by Japanese Christian artisans, onasiteofanearlier cathedral, dating from 1602,this church was thefinest inallMacao. Although commonly called St. Paul's, the name above itsdoor indicates that it was built to "MaterDei." Itwas destroyed byfireinthe30's of the 19th century.