National Geographic : 1933 Jan
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE © Aerial Explorations, Inc. rAUCETT'S FIELD AT LIMA SERVED THE AUTHOR WELL AS AN AIR BASE Though narrow, it is placed admirably to seldom change direction. The Country Club is upper right the Race Course. we saw nothing but a few ridges, made where crumbled adobe walls were covered by centuries of drifted sand. For several miles we followed along the wall until, as the valley narrowed and the cross-ridges dipped more sharply, the car could go no farther. We lugged the cam eras afoot for another mile, at intervals taking photographs showing construction details and the character of the terrain. WHY THE WALL WAS BUILT It was exasperating not to explore the upper reaches of particularly the various forts. such exploration would have be able to the valley, However, required a take advantage of the prevailing winds, which at the center of the picture, and at the extreme mule train and more time than we could spare. As it is, our photographs tell much of the story (see pages 80, 86, and 87). Without doubt this wall, with its double line of forts, was erected as a defense barrier. If it be true that the forts at Paramonga, south of the Santa Valley. marked the southern limit of the Chimu Kingdom, then the wall may have been raised against the Inca invaders. That theory would explain the tradition that the Inca abandoned his coastal invasions of the Chimu Kingdom from the south and finally conquered by marching through the Andes and laying direct siege to Chan Chan, the Chimu capital (pp. 90 and 91).