National Geographic : 1933 Jan
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE © A. J. Villiers WALLOWING IN THE OILY SLICK OF A FLAT CALM A prominent feature is the white-painted, whalebacked wheelhouse of steel, a necessary innovation that came late in sailing ships. When older types of ships ran heavily in bad weather, seas often came over the poop and washed helm, helmsmen, binnacle, and everything overboard. This disaster was impossible in such a ship as the Parma,because the steel wheelhouse will stand against anything (see opposite page). The oily slick on the water portended the beginning of another long calm, this time not in the doldrums, but farther north, by the edge of the Sargasso Sea. The ship was delayed eleven days (see text, page 34).