National Geographic : 1933 Jan
THE CAPE HORN GRAIN-SHIP RACE © A. J . Villiers THE "PARMA'S" CREW WAS VERY YOUNG These boys are all Germans, 15 to 17 years old. Fathers of nearly all of them had been killed in the World War. They all came from good families and included a baron (fourth from the left). Two of them were serving time in sail in order to assist them in later studies in advanced aero nautics. The pets are Kirri, the cat, and Romeo, the rabbit. Romeo died for the sake of his fur coat, which went to the lining of the chief mate's waistcoat, to keep out the Cape Horn cold. Boys of this age are not often found in American vessels, in which the age of seagoing is usually 18 or 19. limitations, their trade, their chances, and take them. They know it does not pay them to race in from the sea with their cargoes of grain; for the faster they come to Europe the longer must they lie idle there before it is time to go out for the next year's cargo. They know that being at sea costs nothing, and that being in port is expensive; yet the racing spirit cannot be defeated. So long as there remain two vessels in this trade, I am sure they will make a race of it. THE FINNS DOMINATE IN SAIL In former years many nationalities par ticipated: French, British, Norwegians, Danes, Americans, Swedes, Finns, Bel gians. But steadily the fleet dwindled until this year only three nationalities were represented: the Germans with one, the Swedes with two, and the Finns with 17 ships. Thus it was demonstrated clearly how the last of the ocean-going square rigged ships have gravitated almost en tirely into the hands of the Finns. The "field" of 20 included the four masted barks Herzogin Cecilie, Olive bank, Lawhill, Ponape, Ponmnern, Pamir, Parma, Viking, Archibald Russell, Mel bourne, Hougomont (all Finnish and all save one the property of Capt. Gustaf Erikson, of Maarianhamina, in the Ah venanmaa Islands), Magdalene Vinnen (German), C. B. Pedersen and Abraham Rydberg (Swedish); the barks Winter hude, Killoran, Penang, and Favell (with the exception of the Favell, all of these are also the property of Gustaf Erikson) ; the four-masted barkentine Mozart and the full-rigged ship Grace Harwar. Of these the Pamir, Parma, and Abra ham Rydberg had not previously sailed in the grain trade, the first two having been acquired recently from the famous German Laeisz Line of nitrate four-masted barks from the Chilean trade, and the Abraham Rydberg having been bought from the Alaska Packers Association (which had called her Star of Greenland) to replace the full-rigged ship Seven Seas.