National Geographic : 1933 May
NEW MAP REVEALS THE PROGRESS AND WONDERS OF OUR COUNTRY ACOMPANYING this issue of their Magazine, members of the Na tional Geographic Society receive a new map of the United States and of adjoining portions of Canada and Mexico, which contains more place names and more information than any map yet issued of comparable, convenient size. For nine months The Society's Carto graphic Section has worked on the exten sive research and drawing of this map, which includes also all of the Maritime Provinces and most of the industrially de veloped portion of Canada. To the south is northern Mexico to the Tropic of Can cer, and nearly the whole of the Bahama Islands. These areas of neighbor lands are shown with the same detail as the 48 States. Mindful that members use their So ciety's maps constantly in their homes, offices, schools, and while traveling, the map makers were faced with the problem of presenting legibly a vast store of in formation on a sheet of a size which is convenient for desk use, for framing, or for consultation in automobile, train, or airplane. A MAP CONDENSES VOLUMES OP FACTS A map is the shorthand of geography. Literally hundreds of surveys, scores of volumes of statistics and other data, and extensive correspondence with surveying and mapping agencies in every State of the Union have been consulted and condensed on this chart. There are 8,686 place names on the map. To show so many names on a sheet of this size, 40o2 x 26I2 inches, a new process of map lettering was designed by Albert H. Bumstead and perfected by The Society's Cartographic Section and its Photographic Laboratories, especially for use on the United States Map. By this process the names were repro duced photographically from hand-drawn alphabets of different styles. These alpha bets were designed by The Society's car tographers to give clear legibility to the map reader even in areas of close crowd ing, such as New England. Thus the map combines the advantages of hand-drawn letters with the perfect uniformity of let tering done by type. To the reader who scans the United States Map with imagination,* and com pares it with The Society's Map of the United States issued in 1923, the romance, the progress, the swift changes in our country leap to mind. These are apparent in virtually every State. Larger type sizes show how scores of towns and cities have passed from one pop ulation group to another. New and popu lous communities emerge for the first time on a national map. America's demand for automobiles brought Dearborn, Michigan, from an ob scure town of 2,470 people in 1920 to a thriving city of more than 50,000 souls in the 1930 census figures, while oil wells raised Seminole, Oklahoma, from a village of some 800 people in 1920 to a community of 11,459 in 1930. Longview, Washington, did not appear in the 1920 census; in 1930 it had more than 10,000 people. Aliquippa, new Penn sylvania steel city, jumped from fewer than 3,000 population to more than 27,000 in that decade. Other places are located on the map not because of size, but from historic, indus trial, or popular interest. Mount Vernon, Virginia, home of George Washington, and St. Marys, Maryland, first settlement of Lord Baltimore, are shown. Also marked are a new national shrine, tiny Plymouth, Vermont, boyhood home of Calvin Coolidge, and Cowpens, South Carolina, scene of a decisive battle of the American Revolution. Then there are Hollywood, California, motion-picture capital; Attapulgus, Geor gia, famous for its fuller's earth industry; Climax, Colorado, which yields 80 per cent of the world's supply of molybdenum, and Santa Claus, Indiana, where thousands of Christmas greetings are postmarked each year. NEW LAKES, PARKS, AND DAMS Vast engineering projects constantly change Nature's surface. On the new map appear the site of the Hoover Dam, a num ber of new artificial lakes and reservoirs, such as Pymatuning Reservoir, in Penn *See "Geography and Some Explorers," by Joseph Conrad, in the NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE for March, 1924.