National Geographic : 1934 Apr
CHANGING PALESTINE © American Colony Photographers THE EMPRESS OF ETHIOPIA FOLLOWS IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF THE QUEEN OF SHEBA On September 26, 1933, Jerusalem echoed to a royal salute in honor of Waizeru Manen, wife of Haile Selassie I, "the Conquering Lion of Judah and the Elect of God," who claims descent from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. At the right are several personal attendants and mes sengers whose swords and uniforms have survived from the days of Turkish rule in Palestine. Before the harbor was officially opened it played its part in a memorable yet tragic event. In September it welcomed back to Arab lands the body of the outstanding Arab of recent centuries, King Feisal of Iraq, accompanied by his elder brother, former King Ali of the Hejaz (see illustra tion, page 500). In the gray dawn a British man-of-war slipped into the harbor and the coffin of Iraq's first King was borne ashore by naval petty officers between the ranks of Scottish troops. All heads were bowed. From the port it was transported on a military carriage to the airdrome, and after a short religious ceremony was placed in a huge Victoria airplane, which flew direct across the desert to the King's final rest ing place in Baghdad, the City of the Caliphs. A happier event later in that same month was the welcoming of Her Majesty the Em press of Ethiopia. As the royal mate of the descendant of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, she was quite fittingly the first sovereign to tread Kingsway. Haifa has been chosen one of the two terminals of the 1,200-mile Iraq pipe lines soon to bring crude mineral oil across the desert to Mediterranean shores, thence to be shipped, in its crude state or refined, to Europe. The other terminal will be Tripoli, Syria (see pages 494, 495). What appeared to me the most striking feature, when I inspected this mighty work of construction, is that when the ditch diggers, the erectors, the welders (husky lads from Texas), the painters, and the asphalters have left the pipe, it is carefully wrapped in asbestos felt and put to bed.