National Geographic : 1934 Oct
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY GEOGRAPHIC ADMINISTRATION BUILDINGS SIXTEENTH AND M STREETS NORTHWEST, WASHINGTON, D. C. GILBERT GROSVENOR, President JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE, Vice-President JOHN JOY EDSON, Treasurer GEO. W. HUTCHISON, Secretary FREDERICK V. COVILLE, Chairman Committee on Research HERBERT A. POOLE, Assistant Treasurer NRA NRA EXECUTIVE STAFF OF THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE GILBERT GROSVENOR, EDITOR S JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE, Associate Editor J. R. HILDEBRAND Assistant Editor MAYNARD OWEN WILLIAMS Chief Foreign Editorial Staff ALBERT H. BUMSTEAD Chief Cartographer JOHN JOY EDSON Chairman of the Board, Wash ington Loan & Trust Company WALTER S. GIFFORD President American Telephone and Telegraph Co. DAVID FAIRCHILD Special Agricultural Explorer, U. S. Department of Agriculture C. HART MERRIAM Member National Academy of Sciences LYMAN J. BRIGGS Director U. S. Bureau of Standards GEORGE R. PUTNAM Commissioner U. S. Bureau of Lighthouses THEODORE W. NOYES Editor of The Evening Star FREDERICK SIMPICH Assistant Editor WILLIAM JOSEPH SHOWALTER Chief Research Division McFALL KERBEY Chief of School Service FRANKLIN L. FISHER Chief Illustrations Division MELVILLE BELL GROSVENOR Asst. Chief Illustrations Division CHARLES MARTIN Chief Photographic Laboratory BOARD OF TRUSTEES CHARLES EVANS HUGHES CHARLES G. DAWES Chief Justice of the United States Formerly Vice-President of 1 United States JOHN J. PERSHING General of the Armies of the JOHN BARTON PAYNE United States Chairman American Red Cross WILLIAM V. PRATT Rear Admiral U. S. Navy, Retired RAYMOND S. PATTON Director U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey A. W. GREELY Arctic Explorer, Major General U. S. Army GEORGE OTIS SMITH Formerly Director U. S. Geological Survey ALEXANDER WETMORE O. H . TITTMANN Assistant Secretary, Smithsonian Formerly Superintendent U. S. Institution Coast and Geodetic Survey GILBERT GROSVENOR JOHN OLIVER LA GORCE Editor of National Geographic Associate Editor National Geo Magazine graphic Magazine J. HOWARD GORE Prof. Emeritus Mathematics, The George Washington University FREDERICK V. COVILLE Botanist, U. S. Department of Agriculture ROBERT V. FLEMING President Riggs National Bank GEORGE SHIRAS, 3D Formerly Member U. S. Con gress, Faunal Naturalist and Wild-Game Photographer ORGANIZED FOR "THE INCREASE AND DIFFUSION OF GEOGRAPHIC KNOWLEDGE" TO carry out the purposes for which it was founded forty-six years ago the National Geographic Society publishes this Magazine monthly. All receipts are invested in the Magazine itself or ex pended directly to promote geographic knowledge. ARTICLES and photographs are desired. For material which the Magazine can use, generous remuneration is made. Contributions should be accompanied by addressed return envelope and postage. IMMEDIATELY after the terrific eruption of the world's largest crater, Mt. Katmai, in Alaska, a National Geographic Society expedition was sent to make observations of this remarkable phenom enon. Four expeditions have followed and the ex traordinary scientific data resulting given to the world. In this vicinity an eighth wonder of the world was discovered and explored-"The Valley of Ten Thou sand Smokes," a vast area of steaming, spouting fissures. As a result of The Society's discoveries this area has been created a National Monument by proclamation of the President of the United States. AT an expense of over $50,000 The Society sent a notable series of expeditions into Peru to investigate the traces of the Inca race. Their discoveries form a large share of our knowledge of a civilization waning when Pizarro first set foot in Peru. THE Society also had the honor of sub scribing a substantial sum to the expedition of Admiral Peary, who discovered the North Pole, and contributed $55,000 to Admiral Byrd's Antarctic Ex pedition. NOT long ago The Society granted $25,000, and in addition $75,000 was given by individual members to the Government when the congressional appropriation for the purpose was insufficient, and the finest of the giant sequoia trees of California were thereby saved for the American people. THE Society's notable expeditions to New Mexico have pushed back the historic hori zons of the Southwestern United States to a period nearly eight centuries before Columbus crossed the At lantic. By dating the ruins of the vast communal dwellings in that region The Society's researches have solved secrets that have puzzled historians for three hundred years. The Society is sponsoring an ornithological survey of Venezuela. TO further the study of solar radiation in re lation to long range weather forecastings, The Society has appropriated $65,000 to enable the Smith sonian Institution to establish a station for six years on Mt. Brukkaros, in South West Africa. Copyright, 1934, by National Geographic Society, Washington, D. C . International copyright secured. All rights reserved. Quedan reservados todos los derechos. Printed in U. S. A . Entered at the Post Office at Washington, D. C ., as Second-Class Mail Matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Sec. 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized July 1, 1918. Cover design and names registered in United States Patent Office. Marca Registrada.