National Geographic : 1935 Jul
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE # 44A(s ( Photochrom Company A CENTURY AGO OLD WASHINGTON WAS A CENTER FOR "FREE TRADERS" Wars with France favored the activities of the "gentlemen," as the smugglers were called (see text, page 64). Many a bale of silk and keg of brandy were secreted in this village after a stealthy trip in the dark of night across the Downs from the sea. Historians are unable to trace any connection between this Sussex village and the family of George Washington. Norfolk, passed by scores of motorists daily. We may follow the route that King Charles and his party took, down the north ern slopes of the hill, along an unfrequented lane, which even now is known only to the shepherd and the toiler in the fields. It will take us to an old inn at Houghton. Here the King and his companions halted for a flagon of ale, and to munch some bread and a deer's tongue which the thoughtful Gunter had put in his pocket. Then they continued down the valley, to the Arun, which turns here from west to south on its way to the sea at Littlehampton. The river is crossed by an ancient stone bridge, one of the oldest in Britain. The massive stone arches supporting the structure testify to the skill of those early builders. Beyond the bridge we again climb up the Downs, a mile or so farther on de scending them to see Burpham, one of the loveliest villages in England. Nestling in a glen of the Downs, the only sign of a vil lage is the church spire peeping from a clump of trees. It stands on a low prom ontory looking out over the marshes of the Arun to Arundel Castle, the river wind- ing along the base of the castle, beneath the shade of trees, where the colorful king fisher pursues his prey. The view across the valley of the Arun to Arundel Castle, the ancestral home of the Dukes of Norfolk, is impressive beyond words. The grand old pile stands out in splendid relief; its history is bound up with that of England and its kings, and thrice it has sustained a strenuous siege (see page 70). No family in English history has a more romantic and stirring record than the Nor folks; none can lay claim to greater promi nence in the life of English rulers than this ancient clan. They were warlike and independent, they had vast wealth and feared no man. They did as they liked and were ever ready to up hold the splendor of their name. A DUKE MAY DRESS AS HE PLEASES They could be independent beyond the ordinary. The late Duke of Norfolk, who died in 1917, was a famous character, who, despite the wealth of his estates, usually dressed as he pleased.