National Geographic : 1935 Jul
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Photograph by Willard R. Culver PENNSY'S NEW ELECTRIC TRAINS SLASH THE RUNNING TIME BETWEEN WASHINGTON AND NEW YORK One of the latest-type stream-lined locomotives, bearing the familiar red keystone insignia, glides into Broad Street Station, in the heart of Philadelphia, where William Penn surveys his City of Brotherly Love from atop the City Hall. How this modern electric speedster would have interested Franklin, who brought down electricity from the sky by flying a kite in a thunderstorm! Power is transmitted by overhead wires; there is no "third rail." In the industrial development of the Keystone State, the Pennsylvania Railroad has played a major part. Pittsburgh in setting the standards that have made the State's colleges famous. A LAND OF OPPORTUNITY FOR PAINTERS Pennsylvania has given impetus to the artistic life of the Nation since the days of Benjamin West and the Peales. Women have been especially fortunate in finding opportunity for the expression of their crea tive gifts, and Mary Cassatt, Cecilia Beaux, and Violet Oakley have brought the State renown. Miss Oakley has done three series of mural paintings for the Capitol at Harrisburg: "The Founding of the State of Liberty Spiritual," in the Governor's Reception Room; "The Opening of the Book of the Law," in the Supreme Court Room, and "The Creation and Preservation of the Union," in the Senate Chamber (see Color Plates I and XXIV). In addition to this remarkable representation of one artist's work in a single building, Miss Oakley has painted murals for public buildings, de signed stained-glass windows, and done por trait work of a high order. Her drawings of famous personages at assemblies of the League of Nations are especially spirited. The Keystone State has a wealth of fascinating history with roots running back into scores of nations-for Pennsyl vania from the beginning was a polyglot land; a variety of religious denominations unrivaled anywhere else-for Penn's Land was the haven to which the founder threw open wide the doors of religious tolerance (see Plate XV and page 56); customs galore, striking and peculiar, that have sur vived the centuries-for settlements large enough to resist the leveling influence of the decades have continued here and there throughout the State.