National Geographic : 1935 Jul
Drawn by Newman Bumstead GEOGRAPHY MADE PENNSYLVANIA THE KEYSTONE OF THE NATION The State was named, not for William Penn, but for his father. Although the Quaker leader requested that the grant be called "Sylvania" because, he wrote: "I feared lest it should be looked upon as a vanity in me, and not as a respect . . . to my father," the suggestion was overruled. Valley Forge and Gettysburg turning points in two vital wars-both are located within its borders. Its Maryland boundary is the Mason-Dixon Line. Philadelphia was the Nation's birthplace; dynamic Pittsburgh became its forge and work shop. Boxlike in shape, the State is a treasure chest of mineral wealth, especially coal and oil.