National Geographic : 1935 Sep
354 THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE / : -- -. Photograph by Donald McLeish BEFORE EARTHQUAKE AND MAN DESTROYED THEM, 180 SUCH TOWERS SOARED ABOVE BOLOGNA Noble families erected these fortresses, the size depending upon the resources and ambitions of the members. The towers were built in a confined area, so they were crowded close together. Because owners hurled stones and weapons at passers-by, stiff laws were passed providing for the destruction of the towers when they were used for warlike purposes in time of peace. The squat Garisenda, 163 feet high, leans 10 feet from the perpendicular. It was begun by two crusaders but never completed because it began to tilt alarmingly, due to an earthquake or subsoil sinking. Even the taller Asinelli, reaching 320 feet above the city's arcaded streets, is four feet out of plumb.