National Geographic : 1936 Feb
MAN'S OLDEST ALLY, THE DOG ing and endearing in appearance, and his looks do not belie his smartness and sagacity. The colors are black, wheaten, or brin dles of any shade. Scotties stand from 9 to 12 inches at the shoulder and weigh around 18 to 20 pounds. Skye Terrier The Skye Terrier takes his name from the island of Skye, and is often looked upon as one of the purest breeds of ter riers. He is long in head and body, short in leg, and carries an abundant coat of straight, hard hair, which is so long that it trails upon the ground (see Color Plate VI). When the Skye Terrier Club of Scotland was formed, its members were rightly proud to bring before the notice of the public evidence of the ancient lineage of this breed. Upward of three centuries ago, the author of a famous old English book on dogs re ferred to it as having been "brought out of barbarous borders from the uttermost coun tries northward." He described it as a dog "which by reason of the length of hair makes show neither of face nor of body." Other writers described what was presum ably the old or original Skye Terrier breed as "having long, lank hair almost trailing on the ground." Even with all his profusion of hair, the Skye Terrier, on his master's domain, was kept almost exclusively for the purpose of attacking and killing vermin, large and small. However, it may well be conjec tured that smaller Skye Terriers than are sometimes seen at present-day bench shows were used for those purposes. Among the many distinguished fanciers of Skye Terriers was Queen Victoria of England. Her Majesty kept both varieties, the prick-eared and the drop-eared, and these Skyes were constant companions when the Queen strolled in her flower gardens at Windsor, Osborne, or Balmoral (page 247). As the portrait of "Boz" painted by Sir Edwin Landseer suggests, this Drop-eared Skye must have proved himself a very good rabbit hunter while he was at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight, for the "command" portrait of Boz shows him in a resting atti tude with a dead wild rabbit in the back ground. The Skye Terrier makes a watchful guard for the home and is very popular on the Continent, especially in Germany. There are not many of them in the United States. In color, the Skye Terrier is dark or light blue or gray, or fawn with black points. There is a short, close, dense, woolly under coat and an outer coat 5/2 inches long. The hair is hard, straight, and flat. Height: males 9 inches, females 8/2 inches. Aver age weight: male 18 pounds, female 16 pounds. Manchester Terrier The Manchester Terrier is named after the city of Manchester, England, where large black-and-tan terriers were especially plentiful around the eighties of the last century (see Color Plate VII). In response to a petition by local breed ers and exhibitors at shows in the United Kingdom, the Kennel Club was pleased to list or catalogue them as Manchester Black and-Tan Terriers. This is a very old breed, possibly as old as any, and was kept not only for orna mental but for rat-killing purposes in the days of public rat pits. The Manchester Terrier is one of the most distinctive of all dogs. This is partly because of its rich, black, short coat with its highly decorative markings of deep mahogany-hued tan. Altogether, he is a particularly handsome dog with beautiful proportions, a build that embodies elegance of form and suggests activity and high breeding. His graceful lines, long head, and remarkable contrasts of colors make him unusually striking and pleasing to the eye. At one time, all Manchester Terriers of the bench-show type were deprived of parts of the ear cartilages. These were cropped in accordance with a fashion intended to give the dog a "sharp lookout" or eager ex pression. Today ear-cropping has been banned by kennel clubs here and in Europe. Now and then blue-and-tan puppies ap pear in litters. These are not "acknowl edged" in kennel circles. The division be tween the black and the tan markings should be well-defined. Average weight for males is 18 to 20 pounds; for females, 18 pounds. The Manchester has always been a fa vorite with Americans. The short coat makes him a desirable dog for the house and he is sagacious and alert. Kerry Blue Terrier The Kerry Blue Terrier takes its name from County Kerry in southwest Ireland.