National Geographic : 1936 Oct
00 Photograph byBaron von Turckheim "A PILLAR OF CLOUD BY DAY; A PILLAR OF FIRE BY NIGHT" Santa Maria is one of Guatemala's most active and dangerous volcanoes. In 1902 it blew out its side in a tremendous eruption that took hundreds oflives and destroyed a half million dollars' worth of coffee and grain plantations. Again in 1930 it spread terror and death. Santa Maria's cone, likethose ofother Guate malan volcanoes, is built up of ash. Much of the damage results from outpouring of sulphurous vapors and ashes rather than from extensive overflows oflava.