National Geographic : 1937 Mar
Photograph byCharles Martin VERTICAL CLIFFS OF YOSEMITE WERE PRODUCED BY STORMS AND ICE SHEETS OFTHE AGES El Capitan (left) and Cathedral Rocks, opposite, tower far above the parklike lowland where the Merced now wanders peacefully through rich meadowland (Plate VII). Lofty, swaying waterfalls, such as the Bridalveil (right), enliven the steep walls of the canyon. Unknown to thewhite man intheearly part ofthe19th century, it was the stronghold of Tenaya, leader of the Yosemite (grizzly bear) Indians. Captain Boling of the Mariposa Battalion discovered iton March 21, 1851, when he pursued the chief and his warriors to their lair. Congress made it a national park in 1890.