National Geographic : 1937 Jul
THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE Photograph by B. Anthony Stewart SINCE PIONEER DAYS, THE FOX RIVER HAS BEEN A BEARER OF BURDENS Snorting boats and barges shuttle in and out of Green Bay Harbor, some bringing coal to moun tainlike heaps on shore. In early days the settlement marked the beginning of an important water route between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi Basin. Today, historic, versatile Green Bay is known incidentally as the home of a leading professional football team, the Green Bay Packers. tucks" have settled principally on the cheap cutover land of the Crandon re gion, where they keep the local game war dens and charity boards busy. But they are much loved. Their rifle guns and scatter-guns, faithful hounds, log cabin shanties, and light-hearted ways make them a storybook lot. COMMUNITY ENTERPRISE IS TYPICAL The Kentucks' rugged individualism by its contrast, however, brings out the typi cal Wisconsin way of life, which is one of community enterprise. To a remarkable degree the State was settled not by individuals but by organized groups:-the Swiss of New Glarus, the Baden Catholics of quaint St. Nazianz, the New Englanders of Beloit, whose charac teristic first care was to found a college; the Norwegian Moravians, and no end of others. Significant among such groups was the Phalanx of Ripon, organized according to a plan enthusiastically endorsed by Horace Greeley. All property was held in com mon. Everybody lived in one long house and ate at one long table. The oddest thing about this enterprise was that it was a financial success. Indeed the Phalanx in a few years had grown so rich that the urge was irresistible to dis band and divide the profits. Living all in one house, too, had proved thorny. The energies of the disbanded Phalanx were diverted to new tasks. Ripon College was founded, one of those small, sound, not expensive, much-loved schools, typically American. And in the town school build ing the Republican Party had its begin nings, in 1854 (page 30).* * Both Wisconsin and Michigan claim the birth place of the Republican Party. Some authorities give Ripon priority, despite the homespun infor mality of its meeting, while others regard as the proper beginning of the party's life its formal or ganization at a Michigan convention.